一、時事報導:

 

 美國2012年總統大選,賓州法院裁決選民於前往投票所投票時,不須攜帶並出示有相片之證件。根據英國國家廣播公司(BBC)2012年10月2日報導:【A judge in the US state of Pennsylvania has stopped new ID requirements for voters from taking effect before November's presidential election. The ruling, which says voters do not need valid photo ID to cast a ballot, is likely to be cheered by Democrats.Pennsylvania, a key swing state, has been leaning towards President Barack Obama in opinion polls.Laws such as the one halted in Pennsylvania have triggered a debate over voting rights in several states.The case could be pursued in Pennsylvania's supreme court, although it is unclear if any appeal would be heard before election day.】[1]

 

二、思考點

 

人民的參政權是屬於人的基本人權,政府應積極排除各種障礙以確保人民行使其參政權,而非以行政機關之本位主義,將「選務行政便利性」凌駕在「選民參政權保障」之上。

再想想英國、美國的投票時間都到晚上九點,方便選民投票;加以縱使合併數種選舉同日舉行投票時,亦可行使通訊投票(不在籍投票)。自我反思,臺灣何時才能真正的實踐《公民與政治權利國際公約及經濟社會文化權利國際公約施行法》所揭示的人權保障(參政權保障)精神?

 


[1] http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-19804500 (accessed October 3, 2012)

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